Modelling topoclimate in northern Ethiopia’s mountains: effects on rainfall distribution, vegetation and hydrology

01 October 2020 → 30 September 2025
Regional and community funding: Special Research Fund
Research disciplines
  • Natural sciences
    • Climatology
    • Meteorology
    • Surfacewater hydrology
    • Physical geography and environmental geoscience not elsewhere classified
  • Agricultural and food sciences
    • Forest protection
Climate modelling mountain hydrology mountain massifs rain shadow topoclimatology vegetation cover
Project description

The spatiotemporal variability of rainfall, vegetation, and hydrology, and how topoclimate (orographic rains on windward slopes and leeward rain shadow) controls these variables in the tropical mountains of northern Ethiopia is not well known. This study uses the ALARO-0 model for the analysis of rainfall distribution and its seasonality, and statistically matches it with natural vegetation and runoff response.