What does peace have to do with it? Examining the creation and operationalisation of peace arrangements and their actors in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

01 November 2022 → 27 November 2024
Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO)
Research disciplines
  • Social sciences
    • Development studies
    • International politics
    • Security, peace and conflict
Gender Civil conflict Peace agreement
Project description

Warfare and the nature of conflict have substantially changed over the last 40 years. Yet, the procedures and content of peace agreements have not evolved with this change. Traditional peace agreements do not take into account the full local and external context of the conflict and view themselves as a process that happens in parallel to conflict, instead of being intertwined with it. This research examines how peace arrangements in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are created and operationalised by the different actors involved in the peace arrangement process. The research specifically uses the term peace arrangement instead of peace agreement because peace arrangement allows us to develop and apply the analysis in a more inclusive way that is more reflective of the reality in the Eastern DRC. Through conducting field interviews in the Kalehe and Uvira territories in the South Kivu province, DRC we will be able to determine how peace arrangements are understood and operationalised within the local contexts, how peace arrangements reflect the power dynamics on-the-ground, and how those power dynamics are linked to and influenced by gender. By researching this puzzle and the various links connected to it we will understand how peace processes in civil conflicts are created and used, how peace processes shift over time and space, and how the power structures in conflict shape and are shaped by these peace processes.