This conference is part of a five-year cluster of conferences. The second conference, proceeded from the questions raised in the first: if the theoretical framework of religious studies is inadequate in the Indian context, then how should we understand certain conflicts and problems in India that are generally linked to 'religion'? The Platform sessions consisted of a sustained debate between two opposing camps on the question 'Is secularism the solution to communal violence?' The Roundtable sessions took up three different sub-themes. Besides these central sessions, the Parallel Paper sessions provided the opportunity for young scholars from different parts of the world to share their research findings.