Catalyzing research on biochar to obtain new surfaces (CARBONS)

01 October 2022 → 30 September 2026
Regional and community funding: Special Research Fund
Research disciplines
  • Natural sciences
    • Physical organic chemistry
    • Catalysis
    • Organic green chemistry
  • Engineering and technology
    • Heterogeneous catalysis
    • Functionalisation of materials
    • Surface engineering
nanoparticles Thin film biochar Sputtering methanation X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy activated carbon
Project description

This proposed project propels both research teams to the front of a largely uncharted research area, where a shared interest in surface engineering is the main driver to answer the call for interdisciplinary research. More specifically, various agricultural and urban residues are to be converted to ultimately metal-decorated carbon materials. To do so, thermochemical conversions (carbonization and activation) are combined with magnetron sputtering to deposit thin films and nanoparticles on these carbons. Analysis of these metal-deposited carbons by means of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy takes a large share in this proposal. Indeed, both teams identified various points to optimize XPS analysis, which requires concerted research endeavors to remediate these. The metal-decorated carbons will be tested for their catalytic activity in steam reforming and methanation. These catalytic processes can help in off-setting daily and seasonal variability in renewable energy production.