Project

Deposition of antimicrobial nano-coatings on external fixations pins with a low-pressure non-thermal plasma

Duration
01 January 2017 → 31 December 2020
Funding
Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO)
Research disciplines
No data available
Keywords
Plasma polymerisation antibacterial coating with embedded silver nanoparticles external fixation pins
 
Project description

Within the field of orthopaedics, bone fractures with severe soft tissue damage are commonly
treated using external fixation, which is a surgical method in which metal fixation pins are driven
into a broken bone via small skin incisions. Outside the body, the inserted pins are fixed to an
external metal support which holds the bone fragments in position while the bone heals. Despite
the numerous benefits external fixation has compared to other fixation methods, it suffers from
one major disadvantage, which is pin-site infection. As the fixation pins are in direct contact with
the external skin, they can easily become the gateway to infection as numerous skin bacteria can
pass subcutaneously along the pin surface to the internal tissues. To prevent pin-site infections, a
critical step is thus to inhibit bacterial adhesion on the fixation pins. In this project, a non-thermal
plasma will be applied to deposit antibacterial nanosilver coatings on external fixation pins to
reduce pin-associated infections. Highly novel sandwich-like coatings will be deposited in which
silver nanoparticles will be enclosed between 2 plasma polymer layers to efficiently control the
release of silver ions. A full physical and chemical coating characterization will be performed as
well as in vitro and in vivo evaluations of the coating performance in reduction of pin-site
infections. If successful, a major breakthrough in plasma-assisted surface modification of
biomedical implants can be expected